Antiquariaat MATTHYS DE JONGH
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'The first modern attempt to create a complete system of political science' (PMM)
BODIN, Jean (1530-1596)
Les six livres de la Republique. Ensemble une Apologie de René Herpin. [Bound with:] Apologie de Rene Herpin pour la republique de I.Bodin.
A Paris, Chez Iacques du Puys 1583-81.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [XXIV],1060,p., [I],44 lvs. Contemp. vellum, minor imperfections. A few small marginal wormholes in a few leaves. Old name on first blank, modern bookplate of ‘E.D.K.' on rear paste down. Good copy. (#20081)
Best edition of the ‘first modern attempt to create a complete system of political science '
First Latin edition, first issue. This Latin edition was translated by Bodin himself. For the translation he made numerous improvements and additions and it is therefore considered the standard edition. The first edition appeared in French in 1576 and was many times reprinted until the beginning of the seventeenth century, and translated into German, English, Italian and Spanish.
‘The Six books of the republic had an immense influence all over Europe. It is, in effect, the first modern attempt to create a complete system of political science. Its basis was the Politics of Aristotle, and it was through Bodin that Aristotle's work came to exercise the influence on modern political thinking which has made him the father of modern democracy. Bodin was not content merely to reproduce his master, however; he added considerably from his own experience. Although like most sixteenth-century writers he approved of absolute government, he demanded its control by constitutional laws, in which respect he foreshadowed the development during the seventeenth century of the idea of the social contract. Thus Bodin was the first to set out clearly the argument round which most political discussion centred in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, that law is merely an expression of the sovereign will, but that where this reposes in an absolute monarch, it must be mitigated by a customary or natural law. When the lawgiver's law becomes unjust, it ceases to be valid and must be resisted.'
First provenance: Thomas Foley, with his armorial bookplate to verso of title ‘Thomas Foley of Great Witley Court in the County of Worcester Esqr.', and identical but smaller bookplate with only ‘Foley' to front paste-down. Probably the ironmaster and Member of Parliament Thomas Foley (1616-1677).
Second provenance: Inscribed on front free endpaper: ‘Herman Heller/ with warm regards/ Harold J.Laski'. Herman Heller (1891-1933), German legal scholar who went into exile in 1933. Harold Joseph Laski (1893-1950), English political theorist and economist. Below the inscription two illegible lines.
*R.Crahay, M.T.Isaac & M.T.Lenger, Bibliographie critique des éditions anciennes de Jean Bodin L1a. Printing and the mind of man 94. En français dans le texte 68.
Eerste Nederlandse uitgave van Quaestiones juris privati libri IV (1744). De vertaler is onbekend.
*Dekkers p.16,18 (alleen de Latijnse editie). Star Numan p.471-472.
BYNKERSHOEK, Cornelis van (1673-1743)
Verhandelingen van staatszaken, vervat in twee boeken, waar van het eerste handelt van oorlog en vrede. En het twede van zaken van verscheide stof. In het Latyn beschreven ... en nu in 't Nederduitsch overgebragt, door Matth. de Ruusscher, R.G. [En:] Verhandeling over burgerlyke rechts-zaaken, in IV. boeken; met veele gewysdens der beide Hooge Gerechtshoven doormengt. In het Latyn beschreeven ...
Leyden, Johannes van Kerckhem 1740 & Amsterdam, Isaak Tirion 1747.
Samen 4 delen. Met portret. Contemp. leer, ruggen rijk verguld met rood rugschild, hoeken zeer licht gesleten. (#35785)
First (only) edition. A history of the Dutch role in opening Japan to world trade based upon a great number of documents.
Appended are the following pieces: Geschiedenis der afschaffing van den Komps- en Kambanghandel, Geschiedenis van het Nederlandsche marine-detachement in Japan, Wederlegging van het medegedeelde over de Nederlandsche politiek jegens Japan in: Perry: Expedition to Japan, Japansche publicatiën naar aanleiding der additionele artikelen, Chronologisch overzigt, and Over het gebeurde van 1862 tot 1866.
Mathematics in the social sciences
First (only) edition. A pioneering attempt to apply mathematical methods to social phenomena. The Essay on the application of analysis to the probability of majority decisions investigates the probability of decisions taken in political and juridical processes. It also outlines a concept for collective decisions with the highest probability of producing 'correct' answers to particular problems, now known as the Condorcet-method. Condorcet had a great reputation as a mathematician and was since 1769 'perpetual secretary' of the Académie des Sciences. He developed an interest in politics and economics under the influence of his friend Turgot, whom he dedicated a biography, and became one of the major representatives of the idea of republicanism, economic liberalism, social progress and rational education.
Condorcet's mathematics are notoriously abstruse. Todhunter in his history of the theory of probability finds the book 'excessively difficult', adding that it is 'in many cases almost impossible to discover what Condorcet means to say, the obscurity and self contradiction are without any parallel'. Yet it has been recognized as a path-breaking achievement in the early development of the use of mathematics in the social sciences.
*Einaudi 1214. Not in Kress or Goldsmiths'. New Palgrave I,p.567. Todhunter p.351-410.
CONDORCET, Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat de (1743-1794)
A Brunswick, chez Vieweg, et a Paris, chez Henrichs ... Fuchs ... Koenig ... Levrault, Schoell et Cie An XIII 1804.
21 volumes. With 7 folding leaves at end of last volume. Uncut in contemp. quarter red calf, backs richly gilt with double black labels, red marbled sides. Some scattered foxing, but a very attractive set. (#34383)
A socialist community in Texas
CONSIDERANT, Victor (1808-1893)
Au Texas. [Bound with:] Au Texas. Quatrième partie complément. Bases et statuts de la Société de Colonisation Européo-Américaine au Texas.
Paris, Librairie Phalanstérienne 1854.
2 volumes in 1. [IV],194,4 [Catalogue de la Librairie Phalanstérienne]; [II],113p. With 2 folding engraved maps coloured in outlines of the United States (30 x 18 cm) and of Texas after J.H.Colton (35 x 30 cm) in the first volume and a table in the second volume. Contemp. half green morocco, gilt back, marbled sides. Occasional light foxing as may be expected. (#36139)
First edition, one of at least nine issues from the same year to which no priority has been assigned. The only Dutch economic 'bestseller', a renowned plea for commercial and industrial freedom. The work went through at least thirteen editions by 1746, including German, English and French translations. Contemporaries attributed it to John de Witt, which might not surprise considering the favourable attitude of the author towards much what was practice in the Dutch Republic during the seventeenth century.
*Wildenberg 1042. Carpenter III,1. Kress 1092.
Preceded by: [Pieter de la COURT] Historie der gravelike regering in Holland, beschreven door V.H... [Amsterdam 1662.] [XVI],264p. With fine engraved title-page. *Wildenberg 1052.
First edition thus. A much enlarged edition of a famous plea for commercial and industrial freedom originally published (and several times reissued) in 1662 as a small volume with the title Interest van Holland. The True interest and political maxims of the Republick of Holland (the title of the English edition) expresses much of the ideological background of the Dutch Republic in the seventeenth century.
The book was translated into German, French (as Mémoires de Jean de Witt!) and English (... by John de Witt!), apparently not without success because these translations too went through several editions, even in the eighteenth century.
*Wildenberg 1111. Knuttel, Verboden boeken 4. Carpenter, The economic bestsellers before 1850 6. Goldsmiths'-Kress 01895.1.
Bound with: Pieter de HUYBERT (1622-1697) Apologie tegens de algemeene, en onbepaelde vryheyd, voor de oude Hollandsche regeeringe ... Middelburg, Karel de Vrye 1669. 127p.
First English edition, published before the French edition, with a preface by the anonymous translator. A 'mildly deistic' treatise arguing that salvation is universal. Originally written in French this had secretly circulated in manuscript since about 1720 and was first printed in French not before 1768. Written in an anticlerical spirit and, though in the eyes of the modern reader not anti-Christian, banned on the same grounds as the works of Holbach.
'The author states his perplexity in reconciling the conception of God's goodness with the teaching that salvation is reserved for the privileged few. This matter has continually been the subject of his meditation. But having found no satisfactory solution in the orthodox doctrine ... he has originated a new plan of salvation ... If God does not save all men without exception, either it is because He does not wish to, or He is unable to do so, or man is unworthy of salvation. Examining each of these propositions in order, he rejects the first as counter to orthodox doctrine, the second as not only unorthodox, but blasphemous ... He likewise dismisses the third proposition, for although man after the fall of Adam was unworthy of salvation, after the atonement, he again became worthy. Hence, all men are saved.' (I.O.Wade)
Little seems know about the the author, other than what is said on the title of the second French edition of 1783: 'Par feu Mr Pierre Cuppé, prêtre-bachelier en théologie, chanoine régulier de Saint-Agustin, prieur-curé de la paroisse de Boin, diocèse de Saintes'.
*Peignot p.215. Jammes 701 (ms.) and 702 (‘seule édition' 1768!). Wade p.33-44.
First edition. An essay on the female conditions and resources for women in France in the nineteenth century: manual labour, primary, secondary and university education, public and welfare services, political rights, prostitution, etc. It was awarded by the Académie de Lyon as well as on the occasion of the Exposition universelle of 1867. Daubie was the first woman to have graduated from a French university. She was as a scholar and journalist a long-life activist for women's rights. A second expanded edition appeared 1869-70.
FLORI, Lodovico (1579-1647)
Trattato del modo di tenere il libro doppio domestico col suo esemplare. Composto dal padre Lodovico Flori della Compagnia di Giesu. Per uso delle case, e collegii della medesimà Compagnia nel Regno di Sicilia.
In Palermo, per Decio Cirillo 1636.
3 parts in 1 volume. Folio. [IV],126,p. & 2 folding lvs., [III]p., 32 lvs, p., 50 lvs, p. Contemp. vellum, few minor imperfections. Vague water stain in uppermargin, a few small marginal ink spots and some foxing and browning as may be expected, upper outer corner of second half rounded without any loss of text. (#20193)
Geschiedenis der loterijen in de Nederlanden. Eene bijdrage tot de kennis van de zeden en gewoonten der Nederlanders in de XVe, XVIe, en XVIIe eeuwen.
Amsterdam, F.Muller 1862.
VI,,XII,275,p. Met grote uitsl. 'Loterijkaart voor Egmond aan Zee van 1620' en als losse bijlage de 'Brugsche loterijkaart'. Contemp. half leer, rug verguld. Mooi ex. (#35848)
First (only) edition, rare with the often lacking supplementary part with statistical details on Dutch foreign trade. Memoirs and correspondence on the financial situation of the Netherlands in the beginning of the nineteenth century, posthumously published by his son.
Gogel was an adherent of the Patriot party, yet opposed against the radical revolutionary regime that was overthrown by the coup d'état of general Daendels in 1798. He was a member of the newly installed Executive Government for a short time and then became minister of finance, He held that position for most of the time until the restoration of the monarchy in 1813.
Gogel's major achievement was the introduction of a General Tax Plan, replacing the many existing internal tariffs by taxes on property and income. It resulted in a more righteous taxation, the abolition of many obstructions to trade, enhanced revenues and reduced administrative costs. It was of lasting importance for the economic and financial policy of the Netherlands in the nineteenth century.
First (only) edition. This was published to show the advantages that the herring fishery had brought the Dutch Republic, and to advance the establishment of a British herring fishery. The editor in his preface holds that 'the sudden and quick growth of the maritime power of the United Provinces, a parallel to which may be sought in vain in all histories, either ancient or modern, was absolutely and entirely owing to that zeal and diligence with which they applied themselves to the herring fishery'.
HOOGHE, Romeyn de (1645-1708)
Spiegel van staat des Vereenigde Nederlands. Waar in de macht en 't vry bestier, van yder der zeven verbonde provincien en haar byzondere steeden, zo in rechten als regeeringen werd ontvouwd. Aanwyzende aan, de in, en uytheemschen, alle de hooge en lage rechtbanken, collegien en ampten, dewelke in de zelve, tot dienst van den staat, en het recht zyn ingesteld. Hoe, wanneer en waar, voor de zelve yets te verrichten is. [Deel 2:] Spiegel van staat. Vervattende de macht der generaliteyt ...]
Amsterdam, Jan ten Hoorn 1706-07.
2 delen. 4to. [XVI],480,55,143,44,; [XX],335,339,p. Met 2 frontispieces, 2 kopvignetten en 16 uitsl. platen door Romeyn de Hooghe. Contemp. perkament. Licht gebruind, overigens fraai. (#23195)
'Rarely does a single volume combine in itself so much economic interest and so many bibliographical puzzles'
Law, John. - [GREAT MIRROR OF FOLLY]
Het groote tafereel der dwaasheid, vertoonende de opkomst, voortgang en ondergang der actie, bubbel en windnegotie, in Vrankryk, Engeland, en de Nederlanden, gepleegt in den jaare MDCCXX ... Gedrukt tot waarschouwinge voor de nakomelingen, in 't noodlottige jaar, voor veel zotte en wyze 1720.
Folio. Title and 5 text-parts: [II]; 25,; 52; 26,29-31 (thus complete); ; 10p. With 75 partly folding and/or double-page plates. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with red label, spine ends and corners neatly restored, boards rubbed. Some light foxing mostly to blank margins only, tiny hole in plates 11 and 23. A very good copy. (#15846)
Système de Law
Law, John. -
Collection of approx. 200 legal documents on John Law, the rise and downfall of the Compagnies des Indes and the Banque Royale, and the financial crisis of 1720, known as Système de Law.
A Paris, de l'Imprimerie royale 1717-23.
Bound in 1 volume. 4to. 470 lvs foliated in ms., preceded by 6 lvs ms. index. Title-pages usually with a woodcut vignette, the following leaf with a woodcut head-piece. Contemp calf, gilt back with red label (‘Etabliss de la Comp des Indes'), marbled endpapers, red edges. An engraved portrait pasted to first blank. Some occasional browing and foxing. A part of the pieces bound without A1, but all titles are repeated on the following leaf. (#32299)
First edition. An examination of the effects of the increase and decrease of the value of money on public revenue, prices and foreign exchange and in consequence on commerce. The author had been a cashier of the Banque Royale that merged with John Law's Compagnie des Indes in 1720. Until recently his first name was known as Charles and no further biographical details were known.
It is clear that Dutot supported the system of John Law, and his book includes a refutation of Melon's Essai politique sur le commerce of 1734, yet it is according to A.Thiers 'undoubtly the most profound book on Law's system and the causes of its fall'. New editions appeared in 1743 and 1754 and it also was included in Guillaumin's collection Economistes financiers du XVIIIe siècle.
*Kress 4381. INED 1695. EHB 1295. This edition not in Einaudi. Stourm p.93. Palgrave I,p.660.
The best account of the system of John Law
First (only) edition. An account of the financial operations of John Law and his Compagnie des Indes, including a great number of relative memoirs, letters patent, decrees, declarations, etc.
Marmont du Hautchamp had been an admirer of John Law's system and his book is not written without partiality but has yet been recognized as the best contemporary history of the system and its most precious source.
John Law's operations began with the foundation in 1716 of the Banque Générale, soon afterwards renamed Banque Royale. This was followed by the scheme of colonization known as Mississippi scheme in the Compagnie des Indes which, by absorbing various other chartered companies, acquired the monopoly on the trade to America, Africa and China. Moreover, the company obtained the monopoly of tobacco, the control of the mint, the payment of the national debt, and the farm of the taxes. Within a few years Law's companies thus got almost complete control over France's overseas trade, its currency and public finances. In 1719 the Compagnie des Indes and the Banque Royale were united, and the promising outlooks of the new company lead to an unprecedented speculation in its shares. As known the bubble burst in 1720, cash payments were suspended and Law fled from the country, leaving behind ruined many of his former supporters.
*Kress 4447. Einaudi 3728. Goldsmiths' 7712. Stourm p.73. Palgrave II,p.576.
Extra illustrated copy
Law, John. - WOOD, John Philip (1762-1838)
The antient and modern state of the parish of Cramond. To which are added, biographical and genealogical collections, respecting some of the most considerable families and individuals connected with that district; comprehending a sketch of the life and projects of John Law of Lauriston, Comptroller General of the Finances of France.
Edinburgh, printed by John Paterson 1794.
4to. VIII,291p., with errata on p.VIII, and a leaf with directions for the binder at end. With an engraved map, 7 engraved plates, an engraved oval portrait of John Law, and 3 folding tables. This copy has additionally an early oval watercolour view of Lauriston Castle, a folding engraved leaf advertising the sale of the Castle with a plan of the castle and the grounds and a descriptive text dated 1855 (some tears), and a proof impression (?) of the portrait of Law. Contemp. calf, expertly rebacked, light wear to corners, sides with inside and outside gilt floral borders, marbled edges and endpapers. (#31974)
the Tolpuddle Martyrs
A milestone in the history of British trade unionism. George Loveless and his comrades ‘had struck a blow from which the opposition to trades unionism never recovered and the ‘Tolpuddle Martyrs' are saints in the trade union hagiology'.
In the early 1830's a group of six agricultural labourers from Tolpuddle near Dorchester led by George Loveless formed a Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers to fight for higher wages. Although trade unions were not forbidden since the Combinations of Workmen Act of 1825 they were accused of swearing secret oaths, thus violating an obscure and obsolete Unlawful Oaths Act of 1797. They were found guilty and sentenced to transportation for seven years to Australia. Growing popular protest - almost a million people signed a petition and 50.000 people marched in London for their release - resulted in their full pardon in March 1836.
The present publication is largely devoted to an account of Loveless' transportation (due to illness he left later than his comrades) to Australia, with details on the hard conditions aboard transports and the dangers of the voyage. He arrived in Hobart on Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) on 4 September 1833. He first worked in irons on the roads and later as a shepherd and stock-keeper with some privileges. After the pardon he returned to England in June 1837. He became an active Chartist and in 1844 emigrated to Canada.
This went through at least eight editions in 1837 and 1838. All editions seem rare.
*Kress has the present second edition only C.4422. Goldsmiths' 30126. Printing and the mind of man 305.
MARQUARD [or MARQUART], Johann (1610-1668)
Tractatus politico-juridicus de iure mercatorum et commerciorum singulari ...
Francofurti, ex officina Thomae Matthiae Götzii [Frankfurt, Thomas Matthias Götz] 1662.
2 parts in 1 volume. Folio. [XII],572, ,156,158-213,215-278,277-744,p., thus complete. With an engraved frontispiece. Contemp. vellum, little wrinkled, neat repair to top of back. Worming in outer margin mostly in second half not affecting text. Some mild browning, small stamp on frontispiece and in the margin of a few other pages. Bound with another work of minor importance. (#33979)
MILL, James (1773-1836)
Elements of political economy.
London, printed for Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy 1821.
VIII,235,[1 blank],[237-240,8 publisher's advertisements]. Uncut in fine recent half calf, gilt back with red label, marbled sides. A very fine copy. (#19997)
First (only) edition. The outlines for the author's project for a new commercial dictionary to replace the outdated and incomplete dictionary of Savary de Bruslons Dictionnaire universel de commerce. 'This prospectus, which is undoubtly one of the very best specimens of that class of works, was intended to exhibit the principles and plan of a Commercial Dictionary, in the compilation of which Morellet was then actively engaged, which was to extend to five, or perhaps six, volumes folio. And from his acknowledged learning and talent, the liberality of his views, and his capacity for laborious exertion, there can be no doubt, had the projected Dictionary made its appearance, that it would have been infinitely superior to that of Savary, or any other that had then been published. Morellet continued to occupy himself with this gigantic enterprise down to the Revolution, when he was compelled finally to abandon it.' (McCulloch)
Though the work never appeared a part of the collected material was used by Jacques Peuchet for his Dictionnaire universel de la géographie commerçante, published in 1799-1800 in 5 volumes. Morellet's enormous library was sold soon after his death, but it is catalogued in the additional 34 pages of the present volume: Catalogue d'une bibliothèque d'économie politique, formée pour le travail du Nouveau Dictionnaire de Commerce. This was a major source for the composition of the Biblioteca di Luigi Einaudi, and no doubt of great help for other collectors of economic books.
*Kress 6663. Goldsmiths' 10507. Einaudi 4024. McCulloch p.62.
NAIGEON, Jacques André (1738-1810)
Recueil philosophique ou mélange de pieces sur la religion & la morale. Par différents auteurs.
Londres [Amsterdam, Marc Michel Rey] 1770.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [IV],190, [IV],253,p. Contemp. calf, back richly gilt, red edges, marbled endpapers. An old lithographed library ticket to front paste-down. (#38066)
RADICATI, Alberto (1698-1737)
Recueil de pieces curieuses sur les matieres les plus interessantes.
A Rotterdam, chez la veuve Thomas Johnson et fils 1736.
X,14,,15-384p. Somewhat later vellum, red edges. Long bio-bibliographical manuscript note in French to front free endpaper. Very mild browning in the beginning. (#40858)
RIKORD, Petr Ivanovich (1776-1855)
Erzählung des Russischen Flott-Capitains Rikord von seiner Fahrt nach den Japanischen Küsten in den Jahren 1812 und 1813, und von seinen Unterhandlungen mit den Japanern. Gedruckt auf Allerhöchsten Befehl St. Petersburg 1816. Aus dem Russischen übersetzt von Aug. von Kotzebue.
Wien, zu haben bei R.Sammer [c.1817].
179p. Contemp. marbled boards, red edges. (#40839)
[ROORDA VAN EYSINGA, Sicco (1825-1887)]
Uit het leven van Koning Gorilla.
[The Hague, B.Liebers 1887.]
16p. including front cover with woodcut illustration of a crowned gorilla. Front cover detached and margins frayed. Bookplate to verso of front cover. Printed on poor paper as always. (#29221)
First edition of the final text of the author's famous Project for eternal peace. This edition was preceded by three much more concise editions printed in very small numbers only.
The first notice of this project dates from 1708 in a small volume titled Mémoire sur la réparation des chemins. The publication of that volume was inspired by a journey made by Castel de Saint-Pierre in the winter of 1706-07 to his native province Normandy during which he had suffered from the miserable condition of the roads. Though the connection does not seem very obvious - Ter Meulen suggests that the roughness of the roads may have reminded him of the lack of smoothness in international relations - yet the volume ends with a notice in which the author remarks that 'during the last 14 days' all his attention was directed to a project 'for the establishment of a permanent arbitrage [between all nations] to settle without war their future differences and to also maintain eternal commerce between them'.
The present final version may have been influenced by the author's presence as secretary to Polignac at the difficult peace negotations of Utrecht in 1712. The ultimate version with the title Projet pour rendre la paix perpétuelle en Europe was published the next year by the Utrecht publisher Antoine Schouten.
Praised for his character by all, there is few agreement about the chimerical character of the works of the abbé de Saint-Pierre. Yet it has been noted that several of his suggestions seem to have been put in practice in some way in our days, including his plan for the establishment of a 'European parliament'.
*Goldsmiths' 5071. Einaudi 933. En Français dans le texte 137. J. ter Meulen, Der Gedanke der internationalen Organisation, p.180-221.
The last edition published during his lifetime
The last edition published during his lifetime of Smith's magnum opus. It repeats the text of the third edition which was the last edition edited by Smith himself.
*Vanderblue 3. Kress B.1722. Goldsmiths' 13794.
With the advertisement to the third and to the fourth edition.
*Vanderblue p.4. Kress B.3289. This edition not in Einaudi.
SMITH, Adam (1723-1790)
Theorie der sittlichen Gefühle. Uebersetzt, vorgeredet, und hin und wieder kommentirt von Ludwig Theobul Kosegarten. [And:] Zweyter Band, welcher die Zusäzze zur sechsten Ausgabe enthält.
Leipzig, in der Gräffschen Buchhandlung 1791-95.
2 volumes in 1. [XXXII],463,[1 advert.], VIII,248,[1 errata]p. Contemp. boards, red edges, rubbed, corners and edges worn, back with part of covering paper gone. From the library of the German classicist Friedrich August Menke, with his name on front free endpaper. (#31736)
The earliest biography of Spinoza
Spinoza. -[LUCAS, Jean Maximilien (1636/46?-1697)]
La vie de Spinosa, par un de ses disciples: nouvelle edition non tronque'e, augmentée de quelques notes et du catalogue de ses escrits, par un autre de ses disciples. &c.
A Hambourg [Amsterdam], chez Henry Kunrath 1735.
Small 8vo. [IV],47,[1 blank],p. Contemp. calf, extremities worn, gilt back with red label, marbled endpapers, sprinkled edges. Name dated 1923 on first blank. (#32536)
A vast program of reforms
First (only) edition. A very rare work on public administration which contains a vast program of reforms. It deals with all aspects of governmental science and public welfare. The author treats public morality and moral education, with particular attention for the education of women, and improvements to introduce in the legislation and the administration of justice. An important part of the work is dedicated to urgently needed reforms to be made in public finance. He discusses the injustice and detrimental effects of so many of the existing taxes and proposes the introduction of a single tax.
The second volume treats the 'physical' part of public administration, the promotion of commerce and trade, with chapters on improvements to be made in the army, statute labour, the road-system and river works, the police, the facilities for travellers, postal services, etc. The author also gives suggestions for the local administration on subjects like public health, clean water, loan-offices, fire-service, hospitals, town planning, cemeteries, etc. He ends his work with a discussion of the monarchy with a proposal for the installation of a supreme council.
We were unable to find any information about the author, other than that he has been suggested (together with G.J.B.Target and P.A.Torné) as the author of a somewhat similar work (L'Esprit des Cahiers, see INED 4277 for a long notice), published in 1789 and presented to the States General.
*INED 4317. Not in Kress, Goldsmiths' or Einaudi.
The best contemporary source for the tulip speculation
De drie t'zamenspraeken tusschen Waermondt en Gaergoedt, over de op- en ondergang van Flora; als mede Floraes zotte-bollen, troostbrief, en een register der tegenwoordige meest geächte hyacinten, met der zelver prysen. Deze tweden druck vermeerdert en van veele fauten gezuyvert. [Bound with:] Clare ontdeckingh der dwaes heydt, der ghener die haer tegenwoordigh laten noemen floristen ... Gedruckt na de oprechte copye 1636.
Haerlem, gedruckt by Johannes Marshoorn 1734.
2 volumes in 1. Small 8vo. [IV],219,p. & 4 pages numbered *104 between p.104 and 105, 24p. With folding engraving. Nineteenth-century half calf, gilt back with red label. Some light spotting and staining. (#40568)
Published in the year of the first edition. One of Voltaire's last books in which he maliciously points out the contradictions and inconsistencies of the stories of the Old Testament, not free of anti-Semitic utterances. 'S.M.L.R.D.P.' stands for 'Sa Majeste le Roi de Pologne' or 'de Prusse'.
*Bengesco 1861, 3.
His only work of economic interest
The man of forty crowns. Translated from the French of M. de Voltaire.
London, printed for T.Becket and P.A.D'Hondt 1768.
IV,104p. Finely bound in 3/4 calf, gilt ribbed back, red label, marbled sides (sd Bayntun, Bath). (#30679)
All our books are complete and in good or fine condition, unless otherwise mentioned.
They are carefully described and appropriate bibliographical references have been added.
Delivery according to the general terms of sale of the Antiquarian Booksellers' Association of the Netherlands,
depot no. 212/1982 Amsterdam.
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