BUQUOY, Georg von (1781-1851)
Die Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft nach einem neuen Plane und nach mehrern eigenen Ansichten dargestellt. [Bound with:] Das nationalwirthschaftliche Prinzip oder was zuletzt alle nationalwirthschaftliche Anstalten bezwecken müssen. Erster Nachtrag zur Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft. [And with:] Erläuterung einiger eigenen Ansichten aus der Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft nebst tabellarischer Uebersicht des Zusammenhanges der wesentlichen Gewerbe unter einander und mehreren Beyträgen zum technischen Theile der Nationalwirthschaft. Zweyter Nachtrag zur Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft. [And with:] Begründung des Begriffes vom reellen Werthe in nationalwirthschaftlicher Hinsicht. Ferner: Theorie des Steuerwesens in nationalwirthschaftlicher Hinsicht. Endlich: Zusammenstellung der wesentlichen Verrichtungen bey dem Bleichen, Färben und Drucken der Wollen-, Seiden-, Baumwollen-, Leinen-Zeuge und Garne, nach Grundsätzen der Chemie und Physik. Dritter Nachtrag zur Theorie der Nationalwirthschaft.
Leipzig, Breitkopf & Härtel 1815-18.
4 parts in 1 volume. 4to. [II],306, 307-330, VIII,331-441,[1], [IV],443-524p. With engraved plate to the first part. Contemp. half calf, gilt back with black label, marbled sides, yellow edges. Light foxing to title and endpapers.
€ 9500


First edition, very rare with the three supplementary parts. A little known work, disregarded in his own time, but praised for its original application of mathematics to economic problems. Buquoy here in this his major book shows himself an independent follower of Adam Smith, though he advocates proper regulation of production and consumption for countries in unfavourable geographical situations. It is one of the earliest German books including a mathematical approach to economics.
Schumpeter calls Buquoy ‘a very interesting man ... a gifted dilletante in many fields, more than a dilletante in at least two, theoretical mechanics and economics. [The present work and his tract on money and monetary policy Ein auf echten Nationalcredit fundiertes Geld] are Smithian in their bases but contain several interesting and original suggestions, that of a managed paper currency among others. Man and writings are forgotton unjustly, so I think.'
Carl Menger in a letter to Léon Walras pointed out to him that, apart from Cournot, Gossen and Jevons, there were more writers who had applied mathematical methods to economics and he then lists the works of Canard, Kröncke, Buquoy, Rau, Fuoco, Mangoldt and Thünen.
R.M.Robertson mentions Buquoy's work ‘the third in point of time to use the calculus', after Daniel Bernoulli's Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sortis and Paolo Frisi's mathematical commentaries on Verri's Meditazioni.
Buquoy was born in Brussels from the French noble family Buquoy de Longueval. He studied mathematics, natural sciences, economics and philosophy in Vienna and Prague and at a young age he inherited a great estate in Bohemia. He was also the wealthy owner of several textile, glass and iron works, known for many innovations and the high quality of its products. Yet he seems to have spent most of his time to philosophical and economic studies.
*Kress S.6144. Humpert 867. Not in Goldsmiths', Einaudi or Mattioli. R.D.Theocharis, Early developments in mathematical economics, p.112-113. R.M.Robertson, Mathematical economics before Cournot, in Journal of political economy, vol.57, p.527. Schumpeter p.502.

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